As a result of the exercise, we identified areas that need improvement. The economies of Michigan, Ohio and elsewhere would face immediate and severe consequences if we did not have Line 5. Enbridge’s suite of marine traffic safety systems further protects Michigan waters. Based on the automatic shut-off valves closing correctly, the approximate volume of oil released from a single pipeline between the valves would be 4,950 barrels or 207,900 gallons. The portion of pipelines in the Straits have automatic shutoff valves where the valves will shut automatically in the event that pressure drops, starting a shutdown of Line 5. One of those pipelines is the aging Line 5, which carries oil under the Straits of Mackinac, a 4.5-by-30-mile stretch of pristine water where the tribe has fishing rights. A variety of leak detection methods are employed including aerial patrols, line balance calculations, remotely monitoring pressure and flow from a control center, and using a computational pipeline monitoring system. Products moved on Line 5 heat homes and businesses, fuel vehicles, and power industry in the state of Michigan. One is owned and operated by Enbridge Energy, Limited Partnership and the other by MarkWest Energy Partners. Unfortunately, even the most sophisticated leak detection system is not fool-proof. There are also Area Contingency Plans that are developed to enhance the contingency planning of federal, state, and local agencies. Damage to Enbridge's Line 5 oil pipeline in the Straits of Mackinac that was reported to Michigan officials on June 18. These automatic shut-off valves take approximately 3 minutes to close. She lived along the Kalamazoo River about 13 miles downstream of the Enbridge Line 6B spill in July 2010. She has traveled around the state and to Washington to urge officials to shut down Line 5. However, pipeline companies, as well as local communities, also need to be prepared to respond, should a pipeline incident occur. Starting Sept 2013, this column displays "volume released unintentionally" for all years after 2009. The Michigan Public Service Commission today remanded a key issue in Enbridge Energy Ltd.’s application to relocate the Line 5 pipeline to a tunnel beneath the Straits of Mackinac, citing Gov. According to PHMSA, Enbridge Energy, Limited Partnership, which operates the 4,316 miles of pipeline in the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, New York, and Wisconsin, experienced 96 incidents between 2006 - 2015. According to Enbridge, in-line inspections in the Straits have never indicated a problem or need to conduct an integrity dig. Proactively advancing the safety of communities, and protecting the environment, will always be our top priority. Michelle Barlond Smith of Jackson, a Line 5 opponent, standing outside the auditorium after a hearing in Petoskey on the Line 5 pipeline on June 12. People protest against the Enbridge Energy Line 3 pipeline project outside the governor's mansion on November 14, 2020, in St. Paul, Minnesota.Stephen Maturen / Getty Images Mike Ludwig talks to Whitney Gravelle, an attorney for the Bay Mills Indian Community, about the fight against Enbridge’s Line 5 pipeline. o It is a major oil pipeline in the Enbridge lake head system which carries petroleum from western Canada to eastern Canada, by the Great lakes states of Wisconsin and Michigan. Through the SCADA system, the pipeline is monitored 24 hours a day, 7 days a week by two controllers from a control center in Edmonton, Canada. In particular, depth of cover surveys are conducted every 10 years at minor crossings and every 5 years at major crossings. The light oil transported through Line 5 meets increasing demand from refineries in Michigan and Ohio. These welds were x-rayed and pressure tested prior to the line being put into operation. The line runs under the Straits of Mackinac. Enbridge will restart the Line 5 pipeline after it won the approval of the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration. Response readiness goes beyond equipment. Both mandate the development of contingency plans, and there is significant overlap in the type and scope of information required to do so. Click to remove it from your list. They start underground onshore, taper deep underwater and cross the Straits for 4.5 miles. Currently, the MDNR holds the easement which contains requirements related to the design, material specifications, construction, and operation of the Straits pipelines. Last week, a Michigan judge ordered the temporary shutdown of Enbridge ’s Line 5 oil pipeline that runs from Superior, Wisconsin to refineries in Sarnia, Ontario. A. Enbridge also conducts external inspections of the pipe segments in the Straits of Mackinac on a biannual basis; doing a full inspection of the crossing every two years. These exercises provide the opportunity to improve pollution response preparedness by testing contingency plans and practicing command and control. Smart pigs can use ultrasound technology to detect cracks or Magnetic Flux Leakage (MFL) technology to detect metal loss that could be. About 90 tanker trucks per hour would need to travel Michigan roads to move the products that Line 5 transports each day. Shutting down Line 5 has serious implications, for residents of Ontario and Quebec, as well as Michigan itself. A manually‐operated valve must be closed by pipeline operating personnel who must be present at the valve site. These plans are comprehensive in nature and provide detailed procedures to guide emergency actions, notifications, and communications in the event of a pipeline incident. What does it provide to Michigan? According to Enbridge, approximately 15 billion barrels of crude oil and liquids were transported in their pipeline system over the last 10 years and 99.9994 percent of that volume was delivered safely. Watershed Council staff joined over 200 people in Indian River for a live simulated pipeline exercise. Helps create more than 6,000 everyday products for consumers across America. THE EAST LEG of Enbridge Inc.’s Line 5 pipeline near St. Ignace. It also provided an opportunity to identify deficiencies in the emergency response plan. Amid hundreds of government representatives and private companies, we were on hand to observe and participate in an oil spill simulation. The portion of Line 5 located in the Straits of Mackinac is a seamless pipe, which means there are no longitudinal seams running the length of the pipe joints. Enbridge has completed detailed modelling and fitness for service assessments in order to confirm and demonstrate ... the design of the Straits crossing is highly resistant to this type of event. TRANSCRIPT Climate Front Lines To Protect Great… Celebrating 40 Years of Protecting Northern Michigan's Water Resources, Great Lakes Restoration Initiative Projects, Stormwater Management and Green Infrastructure Tools, Wetland Management, Creation, and Restoration Tools, Agreements between Enbridge and the State of Michigan, Northern Michigan Pipeline Symposium (2014), Participating Agencies - Pipeline Symposium, Northern Michigan Pipeline Workshop (2015), Pipeline Improvement and Preventing Spills Act. In addition, companies develop tactical plans to provide significant pre-planning information for responses in areas of high consequence. A Line 5 Straits of Mackinac tunnel would be state of the art, with enhanced safety features that reflect our commitment to protecting Michigan’s natural resources. Line 5 was constructed of steel and was installed with corrosion protection measures including a coal-tar enamel coating on the outside of the pipeline as well as cathodic protection. Line 5 moves products that heat homes and businesses, fuel vehicles, and power industry throughout the state. Pipeline companies are required by law to develop and maintain Emergency Response Plans. The rest of Line 5 has a minimum wall thickness ranging between 0.312 to 0.500 inch. Michigan’s Governor Gretchen Whitmer and the director of the state’s Department of Natural Resources have revoked Enbridge’s easement for the operation of … Vector Pipeline is a 348-mile, 42-inch pipeline that transports approximately 1.3 billion cubic feet per day (Bcf/d) of natural gas from Joliet, Illinois in the Chicago area to parts of Indiana and Michigan and into Ontario, Canada. The estimate for the worst-case discharge at the Straits of Mackinac is 8,583 barrels or 360,486 gallons. However, there is an inherent risk associated with pipelines and accidents happen. View the Enbridge Liquid Pipelines Map Enbridge’s Line 5 is a 645-mile petroleum pipeline that is part of the larger Enbridge Lakehead System. Multiple facility response plans have been developed for Line 5, including plans developed by the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), MDEQ, and Enbridge. This is why people sometimes call the pipeline system the “dual” or “twin” pipelines. Learn more about Enbridge's $500-million Great Lakes Tunnel Project and our Line 5 pipeline, which has been energizing Michigan since 1953. The decision to close a valve is made by a person who interprets pressure and flow data and determines that a pipeline rupture has occurred. To achieve this, drills and simulations are regularly conducted by Enbridge in coordination with Federal, State, and Tribal government representatives as well as local community members. was granted to Lakehead Pipeline Company, Inc. in 1953 for the pipeline. The National Wildlife Federation (NWF) has filed lawsuits against PHMSA and the U.S Department of Transportation (DOT). What does it carry? The lawsuit also asserts that PHMSA illegally approved plans for offshore portions of the Great Lakes pipeline—a power that resides with the DOT. It allows facilities to comply with multiple federal planning requirements required by various regulatory agencies by consolidating them into one emergency response plan. Enbridge in Michigan. Cathodic protection is a technology that uses direct electrical current to counteract the normal external corrosion of a metal pipeline. These assure preplanning of joint response efforts and expedite decisions for the use of dispersants and other substances or mitigating devices. An. Line 5 helps heat Michigan homes, schools, hospitals and businesses, fuels vehicles, and powers industry by safely and reliably transporting light crude oil, light synthetic crude oil and natural gas liquids (NGL). Photos courtesy of the Michigan … Line balance calculations compare the volume of oil injected into Line 5 with the volume of oil delivered to identify any loss of oil, which would indicate a leak. From January 1, 2009 until December 31, 2013, the following product types and quantities were transported through Line 5. FLOW’s team of lawyers and scientists has helped spark and define a growing public call to stop the flow of oil in Line 5 … Remote controlled valves can be closed by a signal from a remote location such as the control center of a pipeline company. East Leg of Line 5. There is also electric backup generation at the Straits to make sure valves can operate in the event of a power outage. The pipeline in question, known as Line 5, has been in operation since the 1950s. Wisconsin receives no benefit from the pipeline but is subject to a lot of risk. Enbridge has developed tactical plans for the Straits of Mackinac, Indian River, and Pigeon River areas. Northern Michigan Sub-Area Contingency Plan. Line 5 carries oil from Superior, Wisconsin, across Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, through northern Michigan, down to the thumb region, and under the St. … This page has been added to your list of favorites. ENBRIDGE LINE 5 PIPELINE RESEARCH PROJECT What type of pipeline? Public support for our Line 5 tunnel plan has come from elected officials, policy experts, business leaders and media columnists—from Michigan and elsewhere. Line 5 also uses a computer-based pipeline monitoring system that compares the expected pressures and flow rate to the actual measured pressures and flow rate. Regional refineries process this light oil into gas, diesel and jet fuel, which are vital to transportation and the economy. Before Sept 2013, the. Line 5 is a 30-inch 645-mile pipeline that entered service in 1953. The time required to close a valve includes the time it takes to determine that closure is needed, the time for the personnel to arrive on site, and the time it takes to actually operate the valve. An Integrated Contingency Plan is the core emergency response plan. Another large-scale exercise for the Straits of Mackinac is planned for the fall of 2015 and the Watershed Council will once again be participating. What are the dangers? Families and businesses in the Upper Peninsula rely on Line 5 to meet 65% of their propane demand. For years 2002 and later, property damage is estimated as the sum of all public and private costs reported in the 30-day, B. The Watershed Council is working on obtaining the results of the in-line inspections to have a third party confirm the integrity of the pipeline within our service area. Harnessing, adapting and advancing technology for safety. Regional refineries process this light oil into gas, diesel and jet fuel, which are vital to transportation and the economy. Across the entire Enbridge liquids pipeline system, the total number of reportable spills between 2005-2014 was 763 with a total volume of almost 4 million gallons of product spilled. Line 5 is a 645 mile petroleum pipeline owned and operated by Enbridge Energy, Limited Partnership. Built in 1953, the two 20-inch-in-diameter “Line 5” pipelines owned by Canadian company Enbridge, Inc., lie exposed in the water along the public bottomlands of the Mackinac Straits. In particular, aerial patrols are conducted for the pipelines located at the Straits of Mackinac at least every two weeks. Learn more about our energy infrastructure assets in Michigan, our commitment to pipeline safety, the economic benefits we bring, and more. The 20 inch diameter pipes in the Straits of Mackinac have a wall thickness of 0.812 inches. So Enbridge line five, the dual pipelines that run beneath the straits of Mackinac have actually been in existence since 1953. The majority of these spills are relatively small and occur on Enbridge property, such as pump stations. Smart pigs move inside the pipe along with the oil to obtain detailed information of the pipe condition including corrosion, dents, buckles, and gouges. Additionally, product from Line 5 is essential to manufacturing more than 6,000 items, including eyewear, clothing, hand sanitizer, vehicles, shampoo, toothpaste, medical equipment, and other necessities used every day. That is when Embridge first saw an easement from the state of Michigan and actually placed the pipelines into the water. The line runs from Superior, Wisconsin, across Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, through Northern Michigan, down to the thumb region, and over to Sarnia, Ontari Line 5 helps heat Michigan homes, schools, hospitals and businesses, fuels vehicles, and powers industry by safely and reliably transporting light crude oil, light synthetic crude oil and natural gas liquids (NGL). We participated as staff in the Emergency Operations Center, which serves as a central location for officials to coordinate response efforts, make decisions, and gather and disseminate information. The most recent in-line inspections at the Straits were conducted in 2013 and the next inspections are scheduled to be performed in 2018. We take special precautions to protect the Great Lakes. Enbridge, in a statement, said it remains confident that its Line 5 pipeline continues to operate safely and there is no credible basis to pull the easement that allows its continued operation. Sarnia's mayor is concerned that the State of Michigan will shut down a pipeline that carries propane and crude oil to Sarnia from Western Canada. Enbridge’s Line 5 is a 645-mile, 30-inch-diameter pipeline that travels through Michigan’s Upper and Lower Peninsulas, originating in Superior, Wisconsin, and terminating in Sarnia, Ontario, Canada. The pipelines in the Straits are buried 15 feet deep until a depth of 65 feet of water. Keeping a watchful eye with human and automated resources. In order to minimize confusion and maximize resources, the two contingency plans are combined as an Integrated Contingency Plan (ICP). The Enbridge Pipeline System is an oil pipeline system which transports crude oil and dilbit … Enbridge believes that the tunnel project is the best long-term solution for Line 5 moving forward. There are only two major crude oil pipelines in Northern Michigan. Gretchen Whitmer’s revocation of the 1953 pipeline easement as a significant development in the case that requires new legal briefings from parties in the case and an adjusted case schedule. The exercise brought together key people who will need to work in tandem, should a real life emergency occur. The pipelines are generally operated around 200 pounds per square inch (psi), with a daily range of 0-300 psi. The move escalates a multiyear battle over Line 5, which is part of Enbridge’s Lakehead network of pipelines that carries oil from western Canada to refineries in the U.S. and Ontario. Line 5 remains crucial to Michigan manufacturing, The light oil transported through Line 5 meets increasing demand from refineries in Michigan and Ohio. Find out how Enbridge safeguards the Great Lakes at our Line 5 Straits of Mackinac crossing, through a series of overlapping safety precautions. Enbridge’s energy infrastructure traversing the state—which also includes the Line 17, Line 78 and Line 79 crude oil pipelines, and the Vector natural gas pipeline—has helped fuel quality of life in Michigan for more than 65 years. What is Enbridge Line 5? C. Net Barrels Lost applies only to Liquid incidents and is the difference between Gross Barrels Spilled and Barrels Recovered. Line 6B originates in Griffth, Indiana and terminates in Sarnia, Ontario. In addition, Vector Pipeline is a joint venture between Enbridge and DTE Energy. The valve on the west line automatically closes if pressure levels fall below 65 psi and the valve on the east line automatically closes if pressure drops below 45 psi. Families and businesses in the Upper Peninsula rely on Line 5 to meet 65% of their propane demand. On your next visit, you'll find a shortcut to this page in the main menu. Pipeline operation and maintenance practices and integrity management programs are supposed to minimize the risk of a pipeline accident that could threaten the environment or nearby communities. (Dale G Young/Detroit News via AP, File) IRON MOUNTAIN — … Line 6A originates in Superior, Wisconsin and terminates in Griffith, Indiana. In addition to terminating the 1953 easement, which permitted Line 5 to send oil and gas through the straits that connect Lake Huron and Lake Michigan, the Detroit Free Press says the state is asking the local circuit court “to recognize the validity of this action, citing violation of the public trust doctrine, given the unreasonable risk that continued operation of the dual pipelines poses to the Great … (WXYZ) — Enbridge filed a federal complaint seeking an injunction to stop the State of Michigan from taking any action to shut down the Line 5 dual pipelines in the Straits of Mackinac. Enbridge conducts aerial and ground surveys along the pipeline right-of-way at least 26 times per year and more, if warranted. The rest of Line 5 has manual or remotely operated shut-off valves. 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