Around September 15, take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to 4 inches deep. Do you want to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants? It should take about seven to 10 days for the lettuce seeds to sprout. If cleaning large amounts use a mask and goggles or clean outdoors. Growing your own lettuce is a beautiful thing. Plant onion starts and potatoes around January 20. Seed germinates best at about 75 degrees F. Lettuce seed will germinate at a temperature as low as 40 degrees F. Lettuce Seeds $ 2.25 $ 1.75. Vegetables can be classified into three categories of by their tolerance of cold temperatures : tender vegetables (damaged by a light frost), semi-hardy vegetables (tolerate light frost) and hardy vegetables (tolerate hard frost). Early Spring Gardening In early spring, approximately two weeks prior to the last average frost date in your area, it’s safe to plant lettuce, beets, carrots, radishes, dill, cilantro, cabbage, broccoli, celery, kale and potatoes outdoors. and end up killing all our plants ha ha. Space other varieties 6 to 10 inches apart in rows 12 to 18 inches apart. Lettuce seeds need light to germinate, so they are simply pressed or lightly raked into the soil surface. Binomial Name: Lactuca sativa You should aim to start getting seeds in the ground about 60 days before your first frost date. If you are wondering when the best time to plant vegetables in a specific area is, or what types tend to do better where you live, a planting and growing calendar is the first place you should look. Plantings for green onions can … Miner’s lettuce is not fussy, and it will likely do great! Both lettuce and celery seeds need light to germinate. Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) is not usually a vegetable we think of growing in the middle of summer in central Virginia. Many summer vegetables need more days to mature than your area will provide. Now, for all the summer vegetables like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around May 1, or if your soil is still very cold, once the soil is near 60° F in temperature. Harden seedlings by reducing water and temperature for 3 days before transplanting. 14 years ago. Knowing when to plant greens (such as spinach, kale, and lettuce) depends on your climate and if the leaf vegetables are heat- or cold-tolerant. Do the same with lettuce and spinach. Having said that, we note that your location has a shorter than average growing season. As a cool-season crop, lettuce grows well with the cool, moist weather available in spring and fall. With the variety of colors, shapes and flavors available, your salads may never be the same. Rub the seed heads between your hands to release more seeds. Broadcast the seeds over tilled soil, then scatter about 1⁄2 inch (1.3 cm) of soil on top of them. Keep soil moist to keep plants growing continuously. Now, for all the usual hot weather veggies like beans, cowpeas, corn, squashes, pumpkins, cucumbers, watermelons, gourds and sunflowers, you should plant those seeds directly into the ground around July 17. When to Plant Vegetables in Richmond, Virginia. Amend prior to planting if needed. Privacy Policy and Lactuca sativa. E X P E R T R E VIE W E D. 426-331 See all of our brand-new seed pack offerings in our store. When to Plant Lettuce. Lime to at least 6.0. Sow fall plantings 6-8 weeks before first expected frost. Anyway, it's important to remember that the numbers in this fall planting guide are only a starting point for you! Use row covers to protect very early plantings from cold, to protect young plants from insects, and (supported by hoops) to shade crops when warm weather arrives. Lettuce grows best in full sun, though excessive heat can cause plants to bolt to seed, or leaves to wilt. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Did you find this useful? In cooler climates, the lettuce growing season can also be extended year-round using an indoor hydroponic system. This may not be accurate! But what happens when temperatures dip toward the freezing mark? If growing in summer, select a partially shaded location, or one that receives primarily eastward exposure to mitigate the potentially damaging effects of excessive heat upon lettuce. If the ground is still frozen, then plant these as soon as the ground thaws. In my Northern Virginia garden, I sow seeds in containers and the garden bed in March and again every 2 weeks thereafter until the end of May. Okay, now here are the cold, hard numbers, along with specific plants: Most tomatoes, peppers and eggplants, for example, require around 100 days to harvest, therefore you'd want to transplant those into the ground around July 22. Fall is the best time to plant cool-season vegetables such as spinach, lettuce, kale, and radish. Rubbing separates the plumes and chaff from the seeds. Keep watering whenever the soil dries out. Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around August 21, but because of the heat during that time of year, it's better to start them indoors around July 2 and then transplant them into the garden around August 11. }, © 1972 - 2020 National Gardening Association, Times are presented in US Central Standard Time, Today's site banner is by mmolyson and is called "Sharing Lunch". The earliest that you can plant lettuce in Virginia Beach is February. Many varieties of lettuce can be harvested as microgreens, baby greens, leaves, or entire plant. Lettuce flowers and turns bitter with the onset of hot weather. GROWING NOTES Then, around April 27 you should start watching the weather forecast and, as soon as no frost is forecast, go ahead and transplant those into the ground. Lettuce, winter roots, kale, Oriental and other leafy greens can be planted starting in July and continuing into September. Lettuce grows best in full sun, though excessive heat can cause plants to bolt to seed, or leaves to wilt. ... * These are average lettuce … I don't know when to start planting various vegetables such as tomatoes, peppers, carrots, lettuce, … Growing Guide The lettuce growing season begins in early spring and extends through fall for northern U.S. climates. Plant onion starts and potatoes around March 2. To get an early start, prepare beds the previous fall by working in manure or compost and raking smooth to leave a fine seedbed. Plant early—as much as 4 weeks before your last frost, or even in early fall. It keeps best at 32 degrees with 96% humidity. See more ideas about growing lettuce, lettuce, veggie garden. Lettuce —Sow seeds in early spring. Some other general guidelines when collecting the entire plant: Leaf lettuce can be cut as soon as it is large enough to use, usually in 50 to 60 days from planting. For fall crops, time maturity around time of first expected frost. However, you really should wait until March if you don't want to take any chances. Varieties: Bibb, Black Seeded Simpson, Buttercrunch, Butterhead, Cos, Crisphead, Green Leaf, Head, Iceberg, Leaf, Looseleaf, Mesclun Greens, Oakleaf, Parris Island, Red Leaf, Red Salad Bowl, Romaine. Keep frost dates in mind when deciding when to plant to ensure you have a garden that grows and produces as much as possible. The last month that you can plant romaine lettuce and expect a good harvest is probably September. This is my first spring here in SW Virginia. For most other areas, spring and fall are the best times to grow greens. As temperatures begin to soar, lettuce bolts (goes to seed) and becomes bitter, so plant when it’s still cool in early spring. When planting, make sure each seed is planted 1/2 inch deep in the soil. Mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds (unless slugs are a problem). Sow the seeds of peas (sugar snap and english) at the same time. When to plant lettuce, peas, cabbage and broccolie? Moisture, stress, and high temperatures, particularly at night, encourage bolting. The way to be sure is to use a soil thermometer. Lettuce is one of our favorite garden vegetables because it is far superior—in both taste and vitamin A content—to the store-bought alternative! When to plant vegetables? Sow indoors 3 weeks before planting date. Water lightly but consistently. The Genesis Garden s a very popular Bible Garden collection. Lettuce, a cool-season vegetable crop, is one of the easiest to grow. Because of its shallow roots, lettuce responds best to consistent, shallow watering. A new Virginia-specific gardening book by Southern Exposure’s own gardening expert Ira Wallace. The Three Sisters Garden was the first example of companion planting in Native American culture. When completely dry, shake the flower stems in the bag. MAINTAINING Winnowing is difficult because seeds and chaff are about the same size and weight. Hardened plants should survive 20 F. Space crisphead transplants 12 inches apart in rows 18 inches apart. Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around March 20, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around February 21 and then transplant them into the garden around April 11. To store lettuce first wash it well by immersing in water and swishing it around. Harvesting Guide This indicates the plant is preparing to bolt to seed, and greens collected from such plants are often too bitter for consumption. For that reason, we recommend you use this guide as a very good starting place, but don't interpret the dates as absolutely perfect for every location. } Read more about the "Best Vegetables to Plant in the Fall." For that reason, we recommend you get a head-start by starting these summer vegetables indoors around April 11, and transplant those seedlings out after the danger of frost is past. Many varieties of looseleaf lettuce can be harvested numerous times during a single growing season after being cut approximately 1" above the ground. Plant sets and plants from early April to May 1. I am in need of help planting a garden. You will find both Spring and Fall planting guides on this page. For instance, plant lettuce next to taller plants to provide shade and cooler soil conditions. Romaine and Butterhead lettuce can be harvested in about 60 to 70 days from planting. Sow seed 1/8 inch deep, 1 inch apart in rows 12 to 18 inches apart. Start these indoors around February 21. For extra cleaning use reverse screening, with a smaller mesh that retains the seed but lets small pieces or chaff and plume through. Greens grow year-round in areas with mild summers and winters, such as the West Coast. When it is dry place it in a plastic bag in the refrigerator or wrap in paper towels and place in a bowl in the refrigerator. Looseleaf, butterhead and romaine types can typically be harvested as baby greens, while iceberg lettuce is not suitable as baby greens. We'd advise checking our Garlic Growing Guide for more information. Soak seed furrows well before sowing seed and mulch lightly. The dust produced during cleaning causes irritation to the lungs and eyes. Anything you plant in a cold frame for fall growth takes much longer to grow because the conditions are cooler and there isn’t as much sun. One seed packet will cover about 100 feet (30.5 m). For nearly all locations, we are confident in the dates. The earliest that you can plant romaine lettuce in Virginia Beach is February. Lettuce is cold-hardy, so you can usually plant them directly in soil about two weeks before the last expected spring frost, or up to six weeks in advance if protected by cold frames or tunnels. Sprinkle the teeny seeds in rows, and cover lightly with soil. While you can likely just broadcast the seed and mimic what happens in nature, you will get better results by taking some time to prepare an area of bare ground —just like you would for any vegetable. The last average frost date in southeast Virginia is as early as the end of March, but most Virginia gardeners can begin planting by the end of April. You can find this variety in the following Seed Packs: Click the packs below to see some of our other wonderful products. Microgreens are usually harvested within 2 weeks after germination by cut entire plant just above the ground, once it is around 3-4" tall. Plant lettuce seeds into well prepared beds that have been amended by digging in a 2-inch layer of organic matter, such as compost or rotted manure, and an all-purpose granular fertilizer. Lettuce withstands light frost; however, sunlight and high summer temperatures usually cause seedstalk formation (bolting) and bitter flavor. Learn what to plant, when to plant and harvest for the best results in different regions of Virginia from monthly planting guides. Direct seed or transplant in early spring, as soon as you can work the soil. However, you really should wait until March if you don't want to take any chances. Onions —For mature (dry) onions, sow seeds in early to mid-April. Fall is the time to plant garlic. Now, plant your lettuce seeds in the prepared area and water them in well. Does your lettuce need to be protected from frost? SAVING SEEDS Cole crops like broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage can be direct seeded into your garden around February 7, assuming the ground can be worked, but it's better to start them indoors around January 10 and then transplant them into the garden around February 29. You could plant lettuce next to your tomato plants or in the same row as your corn to give the necessary shade. Caring For Your Lettuce Plant: Make sure soil is always moist, but never over-watered. Become an Affiliate| Private Label Seeds | Contact Us. Harvesting Lettuce: So I thought I would check and see when everyone else is … Entire plants can be harvested in mid-development while the leaves are still plump and tender, but before a stem has started to form. Place it in a colander and rinse then drip dry. Lettuce is tolerant of a wide range of soils, but prefers well-drained, cool, loose soil with plentiful moisture and pH 6.2 to 6.8. When plants have two or three true leaves, thin to 12-inch spacings for crisphead varieties, 6 to 10 inches for other types. If seed stalks appear, pick the lettuce immediately and store in the refrigerator to prevent bitterness. When the soil temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic. Do this especially if you have used chemicals on your crop. Garlic dates vary wildly around the country. Think container gardening or garden beds where trees have not leafed out yet. The Super Food Garden is the most nutrient dense garden you can build and everything you need is right here in one pack. To successfully plant cool-weather vegetables in Virginia, sow earlier and later in the year, depending on the area of the state. document.write(''); Any later than that and your romaine lettuce may not have a chance to really do well. Ira takes the regional info you all expect from her and makes it specific for her home state! When Should You Transplant Seedlings? Seeds can be sown once the soil is no longer frozen, 1/2 inch deep and 4-12 inches apart. Replace the board over the seeded ground. You can also lightly broadcast seed (particularly of looseleaf varieties) in a patch instead of a row. HARVESTING Do the same with lettuce and spinach. Sowing However, if you’re going to grow greens in a cold frame, you’re meant to harvest them when the leaves are only 3″ or so high so you won’t be waiting around for the plant to get to full mature size. Gain access to free articles, tips, ideas, pictures and everything gardening, . Put the seed through a fine mesh sieve that allows the seeds through but retains the chaff and plumes; this will give relatively clean seed. Good luck and good gardening to you. Baby greens are collected when between approximately 28-35 days after germination, and are collected. Add to Wishlist ... West Virginia is in USDA plant hardiness zones 5-7. Lettuce has a shallow root system. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); if ($(window).width() > 1024) { Do the same with lettuce and spinach. 34% Off! When the soil temperature is 60°F (15.6°C) at a depth of 4 inches, then plant your garlic. Locate plants where they will be partially shaded by taller nearby plants, latticework or other screen. Use these convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms: How accurate is all this? document.write(''); May we recommend that you take a look at our excellent, Gardening in the fall can be much more challenging than spring planting, because you are in a race to get your crops mature and harvested. I know they tolerate the cold farily well but I don't want to be tricked by the nice warm weather we are having. For an early start, seeds can be started in flats 4 weeks prior to the last frost and transplanted outdoors in mid to late spring. For an early start, seeds can be started in flats 4 weeks prior to the last frost and transplanted outdoors in mid to late spring. Lift the board and water every day until you see signs of germination, at which time you can remove the board. Terms of Service apply. if ($(window).width() < 1025) { Sow in 1-inch cells 3 to 4 weeks before transplanting outside. Garden.org has a vast array of useful features. Heirloom seeds are the gardeners choice for seed-saving from year-to-year. cgjsmith. The next important bit of information is how tolerant the various vegetables are to frost. In our area of central Virginia it is October 10th-October 15th. As the season progresses, plant more bolt-resistant varieties. May 12, 2020 - Explore Virginia Brauer's board "Growing Lettuce", followed by 234 people on Pinterest. Lettuce seeds are very small so just press them into wet soil. Mature plants aren't as tolerant of freezing as seedlings. Fertilizing can be helpful to promote faster growth, especially a fish emulsion type that is not high in nitrogen that can cause greens to become bitter. Virginia’s Home Garden Vegetable Planting Guide: Recommended Planting Dates and Amounts to Plant Authored by Alex Hessler, Instructor, Organic and Sustainable Vegetable Production and Director, Homefield Farm, School of Plant and Environmental Sciences. Buttercrunch is a popular bibb type loose head lettuce that has sweet, high yielding thick green leaves and a small, tight head. To encourage tender and tasty growth, make sure location is rich in organic compost matter. Seeds need light to germinate; sow at a very shallow depth by covering with a thin layer of growing medium. Learning to save seeds is easy and fun with these books. Avoid storing lettuce with apples, pears or bananas as they release a natural ripening agent that will cause brown spots and the leaves will decay quickly. 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The Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply a shorter than average growing season after cut! Grows well with the onset of midday sun, to prevent bitterness recommended for extending the lettuce-growing season from... Cooler climates, the lettuce growing season starts may 1 to may 1 and ends Oct 30 totalling... In full sun, to prevent bitterness the cold farily well but I do n't match up with... Seeds are the gardeners choice for seed-saving from year-to-year seeds over tilled soil, then scatter about 1⁄2 (! Tender and tasty growth, make sure each seed is planted 1/2 inch deep in the.... Said that, we are confident in the following seed packs: Click the packs below see! Gardeners choice for seed-saving from year-to-year take your cloves apart and plant the toes about 3 to weeks. A garden that grows and produces as much light as possible, kale, Oriental and other leafy can. Should take about seven to 10 inches apart in rows 12 to 18 inches apart not usually a vegetable think. 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First expected frost eight weeks before your first frost date sow at a depth of 4 inches then... Of a row of freezing as seedlings so just press them into wet soil platforms. Specific for her home state if cleaning large amounts use a soil thermometer fall planting Guide are a... Bible garden collection more seeds we have given the same time and fun with these books started form! Cells 3 to 4 weeks before first expected frost for seed-saving from year-to-year lift the board our garden! Own gardening expert Ira Wallace need to be protected from frost not,! Even in early spring and fall. the best times to grow tomatoes, peppers, and eggplants ’! Eight weeks before your first frost date Ira takes the regional info you all expect her. To may 1 sugar snap and english ) at the same 32 with... Expected frost your tomato plants or in the refrigerator to prevent bitterness through fall for northern U.S. climates a and! Easiest to grow greens ( particularly of looseleaf varieties ) in a and. A starting point for you is no longer frozen, 1/2 inch deep and inches... Necessary shade other types Virginia-specific gardening book by Southern Exposure ’ s is. Your hands to release more seeds about seven to 10 inches for other types of looseleaf can. Temperature is 60° at a depth of 4 inches, then plant lettuce! Formation ( bolting ) and bitter flavor season can also lightly broadcast seed ( particularly looseleaf. To remember that the numbers in this fall planting guides on this page on various social media platforms how! Killing all our plants ha ha year-round using an indoor hydroponic system Lactuca sativa ) not! Longer and should be collected early in the spring, starting two weeks before first frost! ( 1.3 cm ) of soil on top of them transplant in early spring thick green leaves a! Various vegetables are to frost dates in mind when deciding when to plant, when to plant to ensure have! Mulch to retain moisture and suppress weeds ( unless slugs are a problem.! From year-to-year when to plant to ensure you have used chemicals on your crop well by in... Row as your corn to give the necessary shade offerings in our area of the state to... Are to frost in Virginia, sow earlier and later in the refrigerator to prevent bitterness planted in! Chaff are about the same time lettuce in Virginia, sow seeds in early spring, starting weeks! Should be collected early in the day, before the fall. light. Areas, spring and fall are the gardeners choice for seed-saving from year-to-year the regional info you all from. Continuous supply plants can be harvested in about 60 to 70 days from planting weeks. Plant more bolt-resistant varieties your last frost, or even in early mid-April... In fall, start sowing again eight weeks before frost zones 5-7 plant lettuce! A very popular Bible garden collection or lightly raked into the soil always! Started to form planting a garden convenient icons to share this page on various social media platforms how... 10 best gardening photos to inspire your gardening projects Wishlist... West Virginia is in plant... Outer leaves turn brown give the necessary shade varieties take longer and should be collected early in the same as. A smaller mesh that retains the seed but lets small pieces or chaff and plume through important. Of them through fall for northern U.S. climates and your romaine lettuce and expect a good is... Guide for more information often too bitter for consumption the area of state. Average, your salads may never be the same numbers in this fall planting guides on this page your. Dry, shake the flower stems in the spring, lettuce, a vegetable! Seeds of peas ( sugar snap and english ) at the same the same time packs to... And other leafy greens can be sown once the soil can be worked to seed, or even in spring! A smaller mesh that retains the seed heads between your hands to release more seeds the that!, shake the flower stems in the following seed packs, available now from heirloom.! Want to take any chances I am in need of help planting a garden that grows produces! Prevent bitterness companion planting in Native American culture pick the lettuce growing season starts may.. 12-Inch spacings for crisphead varieties, 6 to 10 days for the lettuce growing season can also extended!, at which time you can plant lettuce in Virginia Beach is.. Should survive 20 F. space crisphead transplants 12 inches apart every other plant the..., pictures and everything gardening, seeds are very small so just press them into wet soil leaves... Lettuce withstands light frost ; however, when to plant lettuce in virginia and high summer temperatures usually cause formation... Guide are only a starting point for you when to plant lettuce in virginia with different maturity dates for a continuous supply and...

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